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The EU construction industry in the first quarter of 2016

The EU construction industry in the first quarter of 2016

 

Analysis of data for the first quarter of 2015 and 2016 show that the production in the EU construction sector grew by 1% due to investments aimed at construction of new buildings. At the same time, total useful floor area (measured in m2) in residential, non-residential and office buildings which obtained building permits in EU countries increased by 2%, however it should be noticed that this indicator is lower comparing to the end of 2015.



1. Production in the EU construction sector

 

In the first quarter of 2016, production in the EU construction sector reached 95% of value recorded in 2010 and was 1% higher than a year ago. Comparing data for the first quarter of 2015 and the first quarter of 2016, the largest increase of the production volume in the EU construction sector was achieved in Sweden (+14%), Spain (+13%), Ireland (+12%) and Slovakia (+10%). At the same time, the largest decline in the production was recorded in Slovenia (-31%), Hungary (-28%), Latvia (-19%), Lithuania (-17%) and Poland (-11%).

 

Figure 1.

 

Production in the EU construction sector (Index 2010=100%) – quarterly data

 

f1_19_07_2016

 

source: EUROSTAT

 

1.1 Subsector: building construction

 

In the first quarter of 2016, production in the EU building construction subsector reached 97% of value recorded in 2010 and was almost 2% higher than a year ago. Comparing data for the first quarter of 2015 and the first quarter of 2016, the largest increase of the production volume in this subsector was achieved in Slovakia (+20%), Ireland (+18%), Sweden (+14%), Spain (+14%) and Estonia (+12%). At the same time, the largest decline in the production was recorded in Hungary (-15%), Bulgaria (-12%), Czech Republic (-9%) and Latvia (-8%).

 

1.2 Subsector: civil engineering works

 

Production related to the EU civil engineering works significantly declined in the first quarter of 2016 and achieved 90% of value registered in 2010 (in comparison with almost 94% in the first quarter of 2015). Comparing data for the first quarter of 2015 and the first quarter of 2016, the largest increase of the production volume in this subsector was achieved in Sweden (+15%), Cyprus (+10%), Spain (+8%) and Finland (+6%). At the same time, the largest decline in the production was recorded in Hungary (-44%), Slovenia (-40%), Latvia (-39%) and Lithuania (-38%).

 

Figure 2.

 

Production in the EU construction sector (Index 2010=100%) – quarterly data

 

f2_19_07_2016

 

source: EUROSTAT

 

2. Building permits (Index 2010 = 100%)

 

In the first quarter of 2016, the number of m2 of useful floor area in buildings which got permits in EU countries achieved 83% of value recorded in the 2010. It is almost 4% less than in the fourth quarter of 2015, but 2% more than at the beginning of 2015. Comparing data for the first quarter of 2015 and the first quarter of 2016, the largest increase in the number of mof useful floor area in buildings which got permits was achieved in Hungary (+75%), Portugal (+32%), Ireland (+32%) and Slovakia (+19%). At the same time, the largest decline was recorded in Croatia (-34%), Netherlands (-20%), Greece (-16%) and Cyprus (-6%).

 

Figure 3.

 

All new EU building permits measured in terms of m2 of useful floor area (Index 2010=100%) – quarterly data

 

f3_19_07_2016

 

source: EUROSTAT

 

2.1 Residential buildings

 

The number of m2 of useful floor area in EU residential buildings which got permits in the first quarter of 2016 was 5% less than at the end of 2015 and achieved value which was recorded in the first quarter of 2015 (92% of value achieved in 2010). Comparing data for the first quarter of 2015 and the first quarter of 2016, the largest increase in the number of m2 of useful floor area in the EU residential buildings which got permits was achieved in Hungary (+71%), Estonia (+51%), Lithuania (+25%) and Germany (+24%). At the same time, the largest decline was recorded in Netherlands          (-37%), Slovenia (-32%), Greece (-18%) and United Kingdom (-13%).

 

2.2 Non-residential buildings (except office buildings)

 

In the case of EU other non-residential buildings (except office buildings), the number of m2 of useful floor area which got permits in the first quarter of 2016 achieved 83% of value registered in 2010 and was 1% less than the number of m2 at the end of 2015, but 4% more than in the first quarter of 2015. Comparing data for the first quarter of 2015 and the first quarter of 2016, the largest increase in the number of m2 of useful floor area in the EU non-residential buildings (except office buildings) which got permits was achieved in Ireland (+82%), Hungary (+75%), Slovakia (+66%), Portugal (+44%) and Slovenia (+40%). At the same time, the largest decline was recorded in Croatia (-47%), Cyprus (-43%), Austria (-21%) and Greece (-14%).

 

2.3 Office buildings

 

In the first quarter of 2016, the number of m2 in EU office buildings which got permits achieved 66% of value registered in 2010 and fell to the lowest level since the beginning of 2015. Comparing data for the first quarter of 2015 and the first quarter of 2016, the largest increase in the number of m2 of useful floor area was achieved in Finland (+1052%), Slovenia (+900%), Latvia (+824%), Ireland (+809%) and Romania (+359%). At the same time, the largest decline was recorded in Croatia (-74%), Netherlands (-41%), Poland (-21%) and Greece (-16%).

 

Figure 4.

 

Building permits in EU measured in terms of m2 of useful floor area (Index 2010=100%) – quarterly data

 

f4_19_07_2016

 

source: EUROSTAT

 

Source: ASM – Market Research and Analysis Centre Ltd. based on EUROSTAT

 

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